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ISSN : 1225-0171(Print)
ISSN : 2287-545X(Online)
Korean Journal of Applied Entomology Vol.51 No.4 pp.313-316

풍뎅이붙이과 (딱정벌레목) 한국미기록종 3종에 대한 보고

이희아, 한태만1, 이영보1, 박해철1, 박일권2, 신상철2, 류동표3, 박상욱4*
경기도 농업기술원, 1국립농업과학원 농업생물부, 2산림과학원 산림병해충과, 3상지대학교 산림과학과, 4산림곤충다양성연구소


한국의 풍뎅이붙이과(Histeridae)는 6아과 22속 53종이 현재까지 보고되어 있다. 본 연구 결과, Niponius osorioceps Lewis, 1885 두뿔풍뎅이붙이(신칭), Plegaderus (Plegaderus) marseuli Reitter, 1877 두가슴풍뎅이붙이(신칭), Trypeticus fagi (Lewis, 1884) 가슴각진풍뎅이붙이(신칭)의 3아과 (2미기록아과) 3미기록속의 3종을 한국미기록종으로 발견하였으며, 이들에 대한 간략한 기재와 중요한 형질 및 전자현미경사진을함께 제시하고자 한다.

Three Species of Histerid Beetles (Coleoptera: Histeridae) New to Korea

Sangwook Park4*, Hee-a Lee, Taeman Han1, Young Bo Lee1, Hae Chul Park1, Il-Kwon Park2, Sang-Chul Shin2, Dongpyeo Lyu3
4Research Institute of Forest Insects Diversity, Suwon 440-200, Republic of Korea
Gyeonggi-do Agricultural Research and Extension Service,
1Department of Agricultural Biology, National Academy of Agricultural Biology, 2Division of Forest Insect Pests and Diseases, Korea Forest Research Institute,
3Department of Forest Science, Sangji University
Received November 15 2011, Revised July 15 2012, Accepted July 31 2012


Until now, 53 species belonging to 22 genera of 6 subfamily of family Histeridae have been recorded in Korea. As a resultof this study, we newly add two subfamily, three genera, and three species, Niponius osorioceps Lewis, 1885, Plegaderus (Plegaderus) marseuliReitter, 1877, and Trypeticus fagi (Lewis, 1884), to Korea along with a brief description and illustration of the diagnostic characters.

Fig. a-e.jpg382.8KB

 Histeridae is a family of beetles commonly known as clown beetles or hister beetles and approximately 3,900 species in 11 subfamilies have been described to date. In Korea, up to days, 53 species of 22 genera of 6 subfamilies of them have been recorded (Kim & Lim, 1997; Ôhara & Paik, 1998). They can be easily identified by their shortened elytra which leave one or two of the seven tergites exposed, and their elbowed antennae with clubbed ends. Most members of hister beetles are predators and found in most kinds of decaying organic matter, such as droppings, decomposing bodies of animals, compost piles and other decaying plant materials. Some species are also used to control livestock pests that infest dung or to control house flies (Ôhara, 1994).

 Recently, we have collected several histerid species with Lindgren funnel trap for the ecological research on the bark beetles. As a result, we added three species, Niponius osorioceps Lewis, 1885, Plegaderus (Plegaderus) marseuli Reitter, 1877 and Trypeticus fagi (Lewis, 1884) new to Korea. In this paper, diagnosis and photographs of characters for each species are presented.

Taxonomic accounts

Family Histeridae Gyllenhal, 1808

 Key to the Korean subfamilies of Histeridae (Number of species in Korea)

1. Prosternum without antennal grooves or cavities. Ventral side of head with large foveae for reception of antennae. Mandibles vertically connected with head. ······················································ Subfamily Niponiinae (1 species)
- Prosternum with antennal grooves or cavities. Ventral side of head without foveae(Except in Tribes Hololeptini and Histerini, which have shallow and narrow longitudinal grooves). Mandibles porrect, horizontally connected with head.··································································· 2
2. Antennal grooves or cavities on prosternum transverse, occurring on anterior side, and usually closed beneath by the prosternal alae. ······················································ 3
- Antennal grooves on prosternum longitudinal, usually sinuated next to prosternal keel, and open beneath. ···· 5
3. Labrum with a few setiferous punctures. ··················································· Subfamily Onthophilinae (2 species)
- Labrum without setae. ·················································· 4
4. Antennal scape expanded and strongly angulate. ·········································· Subfamily Hetaeriinae (1 species)
- Antennal scape normal, neither expanded nor strongly angulate. ·················· Subfamily Histerinae (33 species)
5. Prosternal lobe present. ············································································ Subfamily Dendrophilinae (4 species)
- Prosternal lobe absent. ·················································· 6
6. Body cylindrical. ·························································································· Subfamily Trypeticinae (1 species)
- Body oval or oblong-oval ············································ 7
7. Dorsal elytral striae absent though sometimes represented by rather vague impressions. ············································································ Subfamily Abraeinae (2 species)
- Dorsal elytral striae present. ·············································································· Subfamily Saprininae (12 species)

Subfamily Niponiinae Fowler, 1912 뿔풍뎅이아과 (신칭, newly added)

Genus Niponius Lewis, 1885 (newly added)

 Niponius Lewis, 1885. [Type species: Niponius impressicollis Lewis, 1885]

Niponius osorioceps Lewis, 1885 두뿔풍뎅이붙이 (신칭)

 Niponius osorioceps Lewis, 1885. Trans. Ent. Soc. London:333. [Type locality: Japan]
Niponius itoi Chûjô, 1955. Akitu, 4: 57; Ôhara, 1999.

 Diagnostic characters. Body length 3.5-4.7 mm. Body cylindrical, moderately stout. Cuticle shining, black; tarsi, antennae and projections of epistoma reddish brown. Projections of epistoma moderately stout and long, their apices strongly carinate and dorsal surface with 2 transverse carinae. Antennal grooves deep under eyes. Gena under compound eye straightly edged. Mandible big and stout; underside of mandible concave and hide maxilla and maxillary palpi. Propygidium with 2 large, transversely oblong and shallow foveae which become shallower posteriorly. Pygidium with large, longitudinal oblong and deep foveae behind each basal corner.

 Distribution. Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Ussuriyskij Kray.

 Material examined. GW, 2 exs., Janghak-ri, Dong-myeon, Chuncheon-si, 17.V.-14.VI.2011 (Lindgren funnel trap); GW, 2 exs., Joyang-ri, Dongsan-myeon, Chuncheon-si, 17.V.-14.VI.2011(Lindgren funnel trap), GW, 30 exs., Jeombong-san, Girin-myeon,Inje-gun, 2.VI-22.VI.2011 (Lindgren funnel trap).

Subfamily Abraeinae Marseul, 1857

 Tribe Plegaderini Portevin, 1929 (newly added)
Genus Plegaderus Erichson, 1834
Plegaderus Erichson, 1834. [type species: Hister caesus Herbst,1792]

Plegaderus (Plegaderus) marseuli Reitter, 1877 두가슴풍뎅이붙이 (신칭)

 Plegaderus (Plegaderus) marseuli Reitter, 1877. Berlin Ent. Z.,21: 371. [Type locality: Japan]

 Diagnostic characters. Body length 1.40-1.52mm. Body oblongoval. Cuticles shining and black; tibiae, tarsi and antennae reddish brown. Head with a convex area behind each antennal cavity. Antennae inserted on the frons between compound eyes. Pronotum strongly convex; anterior margin broadly emarginate, with a complete marginal stria, Surface of pronotum divided into 2, anterior and posterior, areas by a transverse line at apical 1/3. Epipleura not concave. Elytra without striae, but oblique humeral stria deeply impressed. Propygidium and pygidium punctuate regularly. Foretibia slightly broadened anteriorly but progressively broader on apical 1/2.

 Distribution. Korea, Japan.

 Material examined. GW, 4 exs., Janghak-ri, Dong-myeon, Chuncheon-si, 17.V.-14.VI.2011 (Lindgren funnel trap).

 Remarks. This tribe is easily distinguished from tribe Abraeini with a transverse line on middle or near middle of pronotum.

Subfamily Trypeticinae Bickhardt, 1913 각진풍뎅이붙이아과 (신칭, newly added)

Genus Trypeticus Marseul, 1864 (newly added)

 Trypeticus Marseul, 1864. [Trype spcies: Trypeticus gilolous Marseul, 1864]

Trypeticus fagi (Lewis, 1884) 가슴각진풍뎅이붙이(신칭)

 Tryponaeus fagi Lewis, 1884, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (5) 13: 138. [Type locality: Japan]

Trypeticicus fagi : Lewis, 1905. A systematic catalogue of Histeridae, London: 7. 

 Diagnostic characters. Female: Body length 3.11-4.30mm. Body cylindrical, moderately stout. Cuticle shining, black; tibiae, tarsi, and antennae dark reddish brown. Head with clear frontal marginal stria which is strongly carinate; pronotum distinctly with short costa longitudinally in the middle at basal ¼. Pronotum strongly punctate wholly; humeral part strongly angulate; punctuation of anterior part small but long. Punctation of pygidium much denser than that of the male. Front and mid tibia with 5-6 big teeth on outer margin. Male: Body length 3.11-3.50 mm. Head without frontal stria; surface slightly depressed on median area. Anterior margin of pronotum shallowly emarginate on median 2/3; surface of disk densely and coarsely punctuate except on longitudinal mid line. Epipleura broad, not concave. Marginal epipleura and elytral stria absent. Distribution. Korea, Japan.

 Material examined. GW, 1 ex., Janghak-ri, Dong-myeon, Chuncheon-si, 17.V.-14.VI.2011 (Lindgren funnel trap); GW, 1 ex., Joyang-ri, Dongsan-myeon, Chuncheon-si, 17.V.-14.VI.2011 (Lindgren funnel trap).

Fig. A-E. Habitus of Niponius osorioceps Lewis; Scale bar = 1 mm. A: Dorsal aspect, B: Lateral aspect, C: Head, D: Scutellum, E: 6-7th Tergites.

Fig. F-J. Habitus of Plegaderus (Plegaderus) marseuli Reitter; Scale bar = 1 mm. F: Dorsal aspect, G: Lateral aspect, H: Antero-lateral part of pronotum, J: Scutellum. Left Antenna, I:Antero-lateral part of pronotum, J: Scutellum.

Fig. K-N. Habitus of Trypeticus fagi (Lewis, 1884) (Female; Scale bar = 1 mm). K: Dorsal aspect, L: Lateral aspect, M: Head, N: Scutellum.


This work was supported partly by the National Project of the Biological Collections in the Korean Peninsula in 2011 of the Korea National Arboretum.


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2.Kim, J.I., Lim, E.J., 1997. Fauna of Korean Histeridae (Coleoptera).Entomol. Res. Bull. 23, 59-76.
3.Lewis, G., 1884. On some Histeridae new to the Japanese fauna, and notes of others. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 13, 131-140.
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